The LibreELEC “build-system” is a collection of scripts that simplify the complex task of cross-compiling hundreds of inter-dependent source packages into a working LibreELEC image with a few simple commands. It is the "secret sauce" of the project, as it allows users of all experience levels to tinker and experiment with the distro. Forking our codebase and experimenting is encouraged!
The team currently builds official releases, and nightly images in Ubuntu LTS 22.04 Docker containers at the teams https://github.com/LibreELEC/actions CI/CD. It is possible to use other Linux distributions (Arch, Debian, Fedora, Gentoo, Manjaro, etc.) but Ubuntu is the most-used and proven. If you plan to build on an existing Linux desktop we recommend building in a Docker container to isolate the build folders from the rest of the OS (Dockerfiles can be found in the tools folder of the main LibreELEC git repo, see Build (Docker) for more info). Another option is building in a Virtual Machine, e.g. Oracle Virtualbox ($free) or vmware Workstation.
Note: If you want to compile older LibreELEC releases you will need to use an era-appropriate Ubuntu LTS release, e.g. LibreELEC 7.0 will need Ubuntu 14.04 or 16.04.
Image build times depend on CPU and I/O performance so the more CPU cores you have or can allocate, the faster your build times will be. For example:
Approx. 3 hours build time:
- 2x Core i3 CPU
- 4GB RAM (with swap enabled)
- 50GB HDD
Approx. 1.5 hours build time:
- 4x Core i7 CPU
- 8GB RAM
- 100GB SSD
Approx. 30 mins build time:
- 32x Core AMD Threadripper2
- 64GB RAM
- 1TB NVME SSD
Testing with large CPU counts shows build times continue to decrease as CPU count increases (as you'd expect) although over ~16x CPUs the gains per-CPU reduce, and overall build times are limited by the inherently sequential nature of the initial stages of building (creating the cross-compile toolchain). The current build record is ~22 mins (64x CPUs, build folders on a ramdisk).
Before you can build, it is important to update the OS and install build dependencies:
sudo apt update
sudo apt upgrade
sudo apt install gcc make git unzip wget xz-utils bc gperf zip g++ xfonts-utils xsltproc openjdk-11-jre-headless
Note: The first time the build-system runs it will validate and prompt you to install any missing package dependencies.
gitto clone the LibreELEC sources to your user folder:
git clone https://github.com/LibreELEC/LibreELEC.tv.git
After cloning you are now at the current
HEADposition of the
masterdevelopment branch. To compile a specific LibreELEC release we need to
checkoutthe specific version
githashassociated with the release, e.g. to build the LibreELEC 11.0.1 release we checkout the
git checkout 11.0.1
You can also build at a specific point in the git revision history identified by a commit githash:
git checkout aae861df88959402cde174cf95e505d942d8451e
You are now in the root folder of the build-system and ready to build!
The first time the build-system runs it will download and cache package sources, but there are ~260-380 packages to cache (depending on the build
PROJECT) and some sources are large, and others are download from super-slow servers. To download sources in advance of building, use
PROJECT=Generic ARCH=x86_64 tools/download-tool
As a normal user (not as root, and not using sudo) run a build command, e.g.
PROJECT=Generic ARCH=x86_64 make image
This will compile the
make imagewill generate an .img.gz file that can be written to USB/SD media for installation, and a .tar file that can update an existing installation (.img.gz files can also be used for updates, but .tar files are faster).
It is not uncommon for first-time builds to take 6-8 hours due to the number of sources that must be downloaded. Once the build completes the finished image files will be in the
After completing your first build, you probably want to make some nip-tuck changes and then rebuild the image to include them. If you re-run the same build command the build-system will detect most changes and will clean and rebuild only the packages that have been changed. This means a "respin" with minor changes often takes only 1-2 minutes. As a general rule you can keep rebuilding (respinning) unless there are changes to the "toolchain" packages. If these are changed, you will need to clean or remove the build folders and make a "clean build" again.
If you see strange or transient compilation errors, start by cleaning the sources for the failing package and clear the compiler cache (ccache), e.g. to clean the linux package:
PROJECT=Generic ARCH=x86_64 scripts/clean linux
You can also remove all build directories (keeping ccache):
Or just for one project:
PROJECT=Generic ARCH=x86_64 make clean
To remove everything and ccache:
Or just for one project:
PROJECT=Generic ARCH=x86_64 make distclean